At present, northern Sweden is an arena for identity and ethnicity processes that have strong political overtones. The absence of research about the societies of the Iron and Early Middle Ages leaves the field open for essentialist and politically biased interpretations of archaeological findings and historical sources.
Through an interdisciplinary collaboration encompassing archaeological, historical and ecological fields, studies are being made of land use, social and economic structures and inter-regional relations from the 7th to 20th centuries, with the results being related to present-day identity processes in northern Fennoscandia.